ons-dialog

Dialog that is displayed on top of current screen. As opposed to the <ons-alert-dialog> element, this component can contain any kind of content. To use the element it can either be attached directly to the <body> element or dynamically created from a template using the ons.createDialog(template) utility function and the <template> tag. The dialog is useful for displaying menus, additional information or to ask the user to make a decision. It will automatically be displayed as Material Design when running on an Android device.

Tutorial

Dialogs

Dialogs are defined using the <ons-dialog>, <ons-alert-dialog> and <ons-toast> tags.

<ons-dialog var="dialog">
  This is a dialog!
</ons-dialog>

var attribute is used to store the dialog in a variable for later access.

Alert dialogs work exactly like normal dialogs but they require some additional markup. With this element you can create a beautifully styled dialog without any additional CSS.

<ons-alert-dialog>
  <div class="alert-dialog-title">Warning!</div>
  <div class="alert-dialog-content">
    An error has occurred!
  </div>
  <div class="alert-dialog-footer">
    <button class="alert-dialog-button">Cancel</button>
    <button class="alert-dialog-button">OK</button>
  </div>
</ons-alert-dialog>

Dialogs are hidden by default and usually attached as direct children of the <body> tag.

Displaying a dialog

To display a dialog you need to get a reference to the element and execute the show(options) method. It is hidden with the hide(options) method.

Loading from a template

Another way to use dialogs is with the ons.createElement(template) utility function. The dialog needs to be defined as a template and the function returns a Promise that resolves to the dialog element.

<template id="dialog.html">
  <ons-dialog>
    This dialog is defined as a template.
  </ons-dialog>
</template>
ons
  .createElement('dialog.html'. { append: true })
  .then(function(dialog) {
    dialog.show();
  });

For AngularJS, an extra parameter can be passed to specify the scope of the new popover: ons.createElement('dialog.html', { parentScope: $scope });

The cancelable attribute

The <ons-dialog>, <ons-alert-dialog> and <ons-toast> support the cancelable attribute. This enables hiding the dialog by tapping outside of it or by pressing the back button on Android devices.

<ons-dialog cancelable>
  This dialog can be cancelled!
</ons-dialog>

Try adding the cancelable attribute to one of the dialogs to see how it works.

Notification

Another way to display dialogs is with the ons.notification methods:

  • ons.notification.alert(options)
  • ons.notification.confirm(options)
  • ons.notification.prompt(options)
  • ons.notification.toast(options)

These methods all return a Promise. For the confirm it resolves to the index of the button pressed and for the prompt it resolves to the user input.

ons
  .notification.prompt({message: 'What is your name?'})
  .then(function(name) {
    ons.notification.alert('Hello ' + name);
  });

See also

Attributes

Name Type Description
modifier String The appearance of the dialog. Optional.
cancelable If this attribute is set the dialog can be closed by tapping the background or by pressing the back button on Android devices. Optional.
disabled If this attribute is set the dialog is disabled. Optional.
animation String
default
The animation used when showing and hiding the dialog. Can be either "none" or "default". Optional.
animation-options Expression Specify the animation’s duration, timing and delay with an object literal. E.g. {duration: 0.2, delay: 1, timing: 'ease-in'}. Optional.
mask-color String
rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.2)
Color of the background mask. Default is "rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.2)". Optional.
var String Variable name to refer this dialog. Optional. Works only during initialization.
ons-preshow Expression Allows you to specify custom behavior when the “preshow” event is fired. Optional. Works only during initialization.
ons-prehide Expression Allows you to specify custom behavior when the “prehide” event is fired. Optional. Works only during initialization.
ons-postshow Expression Allows you to specify custom behavior when the “postshow” event is fired. Optional. Works only during initialization.
ons-posthide Expression Allows you to specify custom behavior when the “posthide” event is fired. Optional. Works only during initialization.
ons-destroy Expression Allows you to specify custom behavior when the “destroy” event is fired. Optional. Works only during initialization.

Properties

Name Description
onDeviceBackButton Back-button handler.
visible Whether the dialog is visible or not.
disabled Whether the dialog is disabled or not.
cancelable Whether the dialog is cancelable or not. A cancelable dialog can be closed by tapping the background or by pressing the back button on Android devices.

Preset Modifiers

Name Description
material Display a Material Design dialog.

Methods

Signature Description
show([options]) Show the dialog.
hide([options]) Hide the dialog.
on(eventName, listener) Add an event listener.
once(eventName, listener) Add an event listener that’s only triggered once.
off(eventName, [listener]) Remove an event listener. If the listener is not specified all listeners for the event type will be removed.
show([options]): Promise

Show the dialog.

Returns:

Parameters
Name Type Description
options Object Parameter object.
options.animation String Animation name. Available animations are "none" and "slide".
options.animationOptions String Specify the animation’s duration, delay and timing. E.g. {duration: 0.2, delay: 0.4, timing: 'ease-in'}.
options.callback Function This function is called after the dialog has been revealed.
hide([options]): Promise

Hide the dialog.

Returns: Resolves to the hidden element

Parameters
Name Type Description
options Object Parameter object.
options.animation String Animation name. Available animations are "none" and "slide".
options.animationOptions String Specify the animation’s duration, delay and timing. E.g. {duration: 0.2, delay: 0.4, timing: 'ease-in'}.
options.callback Function This functions is called after the dialog has been hidden.
on(eventName, listener)

Add an event listener.

Parameters
Name Type Description
eventName String Name of the event.
listener Function Function to execute when the event is triggered.
once(eventName, listener)

Add an event listener that’s only triggered once.

Parameters
Name Type Description
eventName String Name of the event.
listener Function Function to execute when the event is triggered.
off(eventName, [listener])

Remove an event listener. If the listener is not specified all listeners for the event type will be removed.

Parameters
Name Type Description
eventName String Name of the event.
listener Function Function to execute when the event is triggered.

Events

Name Description
preshow Fired just before the dialog is displayed.
postshow Fired just after the dialog is displayed.
prehide Fired just before the dialog is hidden.
posthide Fired just after the dialog is hidden.
preshow

Fired just before the dialog is displayed.

Parameters
Name Type Description
event Object Event object.
event.dialog Object Component object.
event.cancel Function Execute this function to stop the dialog from being shown.
postshow

Fired just after the dialog is displayed.

Parameters
Name Type Description
event Object Event object.
event.dialog Object Component object.
prehide

Fired just before the dialog is hidden.

Parameters
Name Type Description
event Object Event object.
event.dialog Object Component object.
event.cancel Function Execute this function to stop the dialog from being hidden.
posthide

Fired just after the dialog is hidden.

Parameters
Name Type Description
event Object Event object.
event.dialog Object Component object.

Need Help?

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